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A Lesson in Slavery

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Chapter 1
Chapter 2
Chapter 3
Chapter 4
Famous Slaves
Sources

slavery1.jpg
Photo courtesy to http://www2.arts.gla.ac.uk/CAS/US_History/sem2.html.

Be sure to click on all the photos for site links.
Also use the links on the left to go to each chapter.

Slavery is a term that can cause much discussion and controversey. People have always had servants and helpers, but not to the status of how African Americans were treated. The official reason for the growth of slavery is in a direct relationship with the growth of land and cotton. Labor systems began to come into play and slaves were definitely not seen as real people. The more land meant the more agriculture that could be grown, in turn, the need for more slaves to cultivate it. (1) To show how hard that these slaves were forced to work, especially in the South, nearly 75% of the South's export crops were produced my plantation slaves every year. (2)

Luckily, slavery was abolished as an external trade in 1808,(3)but the slaves that were left over did not get a chance at freedom until much later. Seeing as how no more slaves could be imported into America, slave owners realized that natural production was the only way of getting more slaves so their treatment was upgraded. This horrification of treatment was still something that would continue on forever in some's eyes.

Eventually, compromises and arguments began coming about. A senator by the name of Stephen Douglas pushed a compromise of mutliple bills deciding the slavery status of various states through congress. These bills became known as the Compromise of 1850.(4) Slavery was also one of the major reasons for the Civil War happening. Once the North and South fought over where blacks were free and were they were enslaved the Mason-Dixon line was formed. This invisible line divided the free North from the slave South between Maryland and Pennsylvania. (5)

The slave populaton in 1860
slavepopulation.jpg
Photo courtesy to Bedford/St. Martin's.

James Roake, et al, The American Promise: A History of the United States.Vol. 1: To 1877 (Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2002) 412. (MAP 12.2)
1 James Roake, et al, The American Promise: A History of the United States.Vol. 1: To 1877 (Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2002) 410.
2 James Roake, et al, The American Promise: A History of the United States.Vol. 1: To 1877 (Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2002) 410.
3 James Roake, et al, The American Promise: A History of the United States.Vol. 1: To 1877 (Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2002) 424.
4 James Roake, et al, The American Promise: A History of the United States.Vol. 1: To 1877 (Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2002) 456.
5 James Roake, et al, The American Promise: A History of the United States.Vol. 1: To 1877 (Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2002) 410.

Published by Toni Crocilla