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A Lesson in Slavery

Chapter 4

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Chapter 4
Famous Slaves
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"Lincoln defended black humanity without challenging white supremacy."

chapter4civilwar.jpg
Photo courtesy to http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/exhibits/forever/freedom/page3.html.

With a major push from the elected President Abraham Lincoln and his anti-slavery belief, slavery was quickly fought for and abolished in the following years. He was completely anti-slavery for any new lands that were purchased. He saw now way for the nation to survive if half of it was pro-slavery and the other half was anti-slavery. All this would do is create a never ending race and equality war, which, unfortunately, never really did end.(1)

Here is a clip from a really really good website regarding what happened during slavery from start to finish.

http://www.innercity.org/holt/chron_1830_end.html

1865 Amendment XIII. Slavery abolished.

1865
Juneteenth or June 19, 1865, is considered the date when the last slaves in America were freed. Although the rumors of freedom were widespread prior to this, actual emancipation did not come until General Gordon Granger rode into Galveston, Texas and issued General Order No. 3, on June 19, almost two and a half years after President Abraham Lincoln signed the Emancipation Proclamation.

1866 Civil Rights Act. Congress overrode President Johnson's veto on April 9 and passed the Civil Rights Act, conferring citizenship upon black Americans and guaranteeing equal rights with whites

1866
The Fourteenth Amendment. On June 13, Congress approved the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution, guaranteeing due process and equal protection under the law to all citizens. The amendment would also grant citizenship to blacks

1867
Black suffrage. On January 8, overriding President Johnson's veto, Congress granted the black citizens of the District of Columbia the right to vote.

1868
Fourteenth Amendment ratified. On July 21, the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution was ratified, granting citizenship to any person born or naturalized in the United State

1869
Fifteenth Amendment approved. The amendment would guarantee black Americans the right to vote.(3)

Texas State Library & Archives Commission, 26 Apr. 2005. The 1860s: The Civil War and the End of Slavery. 19 July 2005 (http://www.tsl.state.tx.us/exhibits/forever/freedom/page3.html).

1 James Roake, et al, The American Promise: A History of the United States.Vol. 1: To 1877 (Boston/New York: Bedford/St. Martin's, 2002) 477.

2 Eddie Becker, 1999. Chronology on the History of Slavery. 22 July 2005 (http://www.innercity.org/holt/chron_1830_end.html).

Published by Toni Crocilla